Table of Contents
Using a Cash-Out Refinance to Avoid Capital Gains Taxes
How to use a cash-out refinance to avoid capital gains taxes:
A cash-out refinance can be used to avoid capital gains taxes by replacing the old mortgage with a new, larger loan, and taking the difference as cash. The IRS does not treat proceeds from a cash-out refinance as income, so it is not subject to capital gains taxes. However, it is important to note that a cash-out refinance simply defers capital gains taxes, and they will still need to be recognized and paid when the property is eventually sold.
Example of a cash-out refinance:
Let’s say an investor has a rental property worth $200,000 with $100,000 in equity. The investor does a cash-out refinance and gets $80,000 out of the property, leaving a loan balance of $180,000. If the investor sells the property for $200,000, they would only pay capital gains taxes on the $20,000 profit.
How a cash-out refinance works:
A cash-out refinance replaces an existing mortgage with a new, larger loan, and the difference is taken as cash. The cash can be used for any purpose, including home renovations, consolidating other high-interest debts, funding a child’s education, or buying another property. The new loan replaces the old mortgage, so a cash-out refinance can raise or lower the interest rate and extend or shorten the loan term.
Additional Tax Considerations to a Cash-Out Refinance
Tax Deductibility of Cash-out Refinance Mortgage Interest:
- The interest paid on a cash-out refinance may be tax-deductible if the funds are used for home improvements or other capital expenditures.
- However, if the funds are used for personal expenses, such as paying off credit card debt or buying a car, the interest may not be tax-deductible.
Impact on Cash Flow and Net Income:
- A cash-out refinance may increase the monthly mortgage payment and reduce the cash flow and net income generated by the property.
- This can impact the property’s profitability and tax implications, so it is important to consider the long-term financial implications of a cash-out refinance.
Deferral of Capital Gains Taxes:
- As mentioned earlier, a cash-out refinance simply defers capital gains taxes, and they will still need to be recognized and paid when the property is eventually sold.
- This means that investors should consider the potential tax implications of a cash-out refinance when deciding whether to sell the property in the future.
Alternatives to Cash-Out Refinance
Home Equity Loans:
- Allows homeowners to borrow against the equity they have built up in their homes.
- Provides substantial money for capital improvements or other significant expenses.
- Typically comes with higher interest rates than cash-out refinances.
- May have shorter repayment terms.
- Tax Implications:
- The interest paid on a home equity loan may be tax-deductible if the funds are used for home improvements or other capital expenditures.
- A tax-deferred exchange of one investment property for another.
- Investors can defer paying capital gains taxes on the sale of a property by reinvesting the proceeds in a new property.
- An alternative to cash-out refinance for investors who want to avoid capital gains taxes and reinvest in another property.
- A 1031 exchange can be complex and requires careful planning and execution.
- Tax Implications:
- A 1031 exchange can defer capital gains taxes but requires careful planning and execution.
Tax Implications of Alternatives:
- Home equity loans and 1031 exchanges have their own tax implications that investors should consider before making a decision.
- It is important to consult with a tax professional to fully understand the tax implications of these alternatives.
What is the maximum amount of equity that can be accessed through a cash-out refinance?
- The LTV limit for a single-family property is typically 80%, meaning you need to keep a minimum of 20% equity in your home when you do a cash-out refinance.
- The maximum amount you can cash out is calculated using the formula: Your property value x LTV limit – current mortgage balance = the maximum you can cash out.
- For example, if you have a primary residence single-family home with a property value of $400,000 and a current mortgage balance of $100,000, the maximum amount you can cash out is $220,000.
Type of Property and Number of Units:
- The type of property and the number of units can reduce the LTV limit, potentially as low as 70%, which may increase the amount of home equity you need to retain during the cash-out refinance.
- For instance, if you have an investment property with 3 units and a property value of $1,200,000, the maximum amount you can cash out is $540,000.
- Government-backed loans, such as FHA and VA loans, have different LTV limits for cash-out refinances.
- For example, an FHA cash-out refinance allows you to borrow up to 85% of your home’s value, while a VA cash-out refinance allows you to borrow up to 100% of your home’s value.
Cash-out refinances can be compared to other financing options
Home equity loan vs. Cash-out refinance
- Loan type: A cash-out refinance replaces your existing mortgage with a new, larger mortgage. A home equity loan is a second mortgage.
- Interest rates: Cash-out refinances typically have lower interest rates than home equity loans.
- Closing costs: Closing costs for cash-out refinances are typically higher than closing costs for home equity loans.
- Monthly payments: Your monthly payments will be higher after a cash-out refinance than they are now. Your monthly payments for a home equity loan will depend on the terms of the loan.
Cash-out refinance vs. personal loan:
- Collateral: A cash-out refinance is secured by your home, while a personal loan is unsecured. This means that if you default on a personal loan, the lender cannot foreclose on your home.
- Interest rates: Personal loans typically have higher interest rates than cash-out refinances.
- Loan amounts: Cash-out refinances typically allow you to borrow more money than personal loans.
- Loan terms: Cash-out refinances typically have longer loan terms than personal loans.
Which option is right for you?
The best financing option for you will depend on your individual circumstances. If you need to borrow a large amount of money and have good credit, a cash-out refinance may be a good option. If you need to borrow a smaller amount of money or have poor credit, a personal loan may be a better option.
Summary of the key differences between cash-out refinances, home equity loans, and personal loans:
|Home Equity Loan
|Replaces existing mortgage
|Depends on loan terms
|Secured by home
|Secured by home
Utilizing a cash-out refinance before selling to avoid capital gains offers homeowners a strategic financial advantage. This approach allows them to access their property’s equity while deferring capital gains taxes, provided the funds are used wisely. By replacing an existing mortgage with a larger loan and understanding the tax implications, individuals can optimize their financial position, ensuring that they make informed decisions when selling their property. Careful planning and consultation with financial professionals can make this strategy a valuable tool for homeowners seeking to maximize their returns while minimizing tax burdens.